What can I do?

 

Defrost food by leaving it in the fridge, never under the tap. You will save up to 22 litres per each food.

 

Do not wash food with the tap on. Use a container, so you can save up to 10 litres.

 

A washing machine consumes 10 litres of water per kg of load. So if you load a washing machine with an average of 7 kgs., we are wasting 35 litres of water, not to mention the electricity consumed and virtual water needed to produce it.

 

A dishwasher uses 15 - 30 litres of water per wash, far less than washing up dishes by hand.

 

If you do the washing up by hand, do not do it under running water. Fill a basin to soap up the dishes and another one to rinse. Count the time taken to wash and do the arithmetic for the water saved.

 

Washing vegetables can take a few minutes. We can do it either in a basin with 4 or 5 litres of water or under running water, in which case it will waste 30 or 40 litres.

 

When you wash in the hand-basin, you can put the plug in and wash your hands and face with water from the basin rather than with running water. To clean the razor blade, fill the sink with water.


 

Filling a bath requires about 150 - 250 litres of water, the same as a 10 - 20 minute shower with the tap fully on.

 

One of the most important wastes of water at home is through the toilet. Each flushing of the cistern is of about 8 - 10 litres. There are dual-lush tanks, of three and ten litres. If one has one of these at home, two bottles full of water can be put in the tank to reduce its maximum-flush capacity to 5 or 6 litres. In most of the cases it will be enough.

 

One way to control waste is to put flow regulators on taps in the house. 12 litres per minute for shower and 9 litres / minute for the kitchen sink and basin taps are more than enough pressure. There are shower heads that produce an abundant, gentle stream by mixing the water with air and reducing water consumption by up to 50 %.

 

If you have a garden, or plants on the terrace, you can reduce soil evaporation by placing a layer of pebbles on the soil surface, thus saving hundreds of litres of water a year.

 

Gardens, albeit small, enable the saving of huge amounts of water if they are of intelligent design and use. To save water, it is best to use native plants adapted to local weather conditions. Focusing or channelling drainage systems from roof guttering and garden walkways to the garden beds or, better, to water tanks, saves thousands of litres of water for irrigation per year.



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